Cotton crop suffers loss due to climate change

The cotton crop has lost its yield and suffered loss due to change in climatic conditions, with a decrease of 6.097 million bales.

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The cotton crop has lost its yield and suffered loss due to change in climatic conditions, with a decrease of 6.097 million bales.

The sudden and unpredictable climate change from high temperature to rainy and windy storms has reduced the cotton production from 21 per cent to an approx. of 6 percent. The total percentage of cotton produced last year by Pakistan was 7.706m. however, an immense decrease has been seen in present year’s cotton yield.

The Pakistan Cotton Ginners Association PCGA has reported that Punjab has suffered a loss of an approx. 34.5 per cent in cotton production whereas about 18.15 per cent is been reported in Sindh. The annual record of production of bail in the last year was noticeably high at about 10.07 million bales. The climatic conditions have shown drastic change which has effected the cotton production all over the country. In addition to that, there is suspicion that locust attack might ruin the crops more. However, it has been reported in few areas of Sindh that locusts have attacked the crops, worsening the situation more due to rainfall.

In order to tackle this situation, the country needs more efficient cotton producing policies in order to increase the cotton production and save them from climate change and other natural disasters. Another way which could aid in improvising the cotton producing policies is to grow new variety of cotton seeds with diversity so that they could meet with the climate changes.

A considerable decrease in the production of cotton will ultimately affect the growers, ginners and textile industry of Pakistan. Pakistan as a nation must revise its policies in order to revitalize its economy. A ginner from Punjab told that last year, around 909 ginning units were operational for the production of cotton. However, in this ongoing year, only 738 units are in working which has further amounted in decrease amount of cotton production, affecting the ginners all over the country.

However, the major issue is not of ginning but the research department is not working properly. The cotton research department must look for new diversity of seeds which could meet the challenges of climate in a country like Pakistan, with all four seasons on. The seeds must carry a good potential of yielding in no matter what the temperature is. Also, the seeds must be highly resistant to pests as well, so that they serve as growing agent as well as guard crops from such pests.

The duty and responsibility of improvising policies does not wholly depend on the actions of the government, but the textile industry of Pakistan can also take initiatives to improve the cotton production. Another ginner belonging to Karachi related it to the example of exporters who export rice. Similarly, it is not difficult for the textile industry, which is the Pakistan’s largest industry, can do the same.

The situation is so worse that Punjab being the largest producer of cotton has suffered great loss which will ultimately affect the GDP of the country. The government of Pakistan must immediately take measures to save the hard work of farmers and stabilize economy.