India faces electricity crisis as coal supplies run critically low

India is facing an electricity shortage as the coal supply ran out.

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India is facing an electricity shortage as the coal supply ran out.

States across India have issued panicked warnings that coal supplies to thermal power plants, which convert heat from coal to electricity, are running perilously low. The coal state is at the critical stage of collapsing if not taken measures.

States including Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Bihar have been experiencing power cuts lasting up to 14 hours. Maharashtra shut down 13 thermal power plants and urged people to use electricity sparingly, and in Punjab, three power plants halted production. Scheduled power cuts introduced in Punjab, lasting up to six hours at a time, have prompted protests.

However, experts have emphasized that the power issues are not due to a shortage of domestic coal production, as some have reported. The responsibility of the coal generation in India is taken by Coal India Limited. However, it is now failing to overcome the coal shortage.

Garg said that over the past year “renewable energy installation also slowed down” and that, if the Indian government had focused on increasing the capacity of renewables such as solar, wind, and hydro, “the increased demand could have been met through renewable energy and this crisis could have been averted”. The only viable solution at present is the shift to renewable energy resources to overcome the future crisis.